EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY ON PERCEIVED HEALTH AND PHYSICAL CONDITION ON OLDER ADULTS
Objective: To determine the effect of an Integrated Program of Physical Activity (IPPA) on Perceived Health (PH) and Physical Condition (PC) of over 65 year-old adults. Method: we opted for a quasi-experimental design with an intervention program (PAFI) based on pretest and postest measures. The sample consisted of 26 older adults in the experimental group (GE) and 20 in the Control Group (CG). The PAFI was oriented to the development of physical and motor function, cognitive stimulation, psychological wellbeing and social relationship. The program was developed for 8 months, 2 weekly sessions of 90 minutes each. The perceived health questionnaire SF-12v2 was used to assess 8 related to physical and mental health components. Physical Condition wasassessed through Senior Fitness Test. Results: Statistic analysis was performed using ANOVA for PH and MANOVA for PC. A significant improvement in the mental health variable and a general increase on physical condition were obtained. Conclusions: The success of the IPPA entails an increase in emotional well-being and improvement of the physical condition. Both results could contribute to an improvement in the quality of life of the elderly.
older adults, physical activity program, perceived health, physical condition, emotional well-being, quality of life.