JSHR is a multidisciplinary journal that features investigations, studies, and reviews on current topics in sports, physical activity, health and education.

Baiget, E. (2011). Strength training for improving hitting speed in tennis. Journal of Sport and Health
Research. 3(3):229-244.




Hitting the ball at high speed is a decisive factor in performance in modern tennis. The last 20 years have seen a great deal of developments in the game, and the changes in modern tennis have led to the use of powerful services and baseline shots. Although strength is a key factor in terms of physical condition, little research has been done on the effectiveness of strength training for tennis players. The objective of this study is to review the basic criteria for the correct strength training focusing on improving the speed of hitting the ball.

Although the maximum dynamic strength (MDS) needs when hitting the ball are low, scientifi literature seems to suggest that appropriate levels of MDS have positive effects on increasing hitting speed in tennis. The aim is to improve and maintain this aspect of strength at the expense of neural factors. Effective strength training must involve execution of the technical gesture, involving the same muscle chains, range of motion and stroke execution speeds. The training equipment suggested for use includes medicine balls, lightweight dumbbells, rubber bands, multi-purpose pneumatic resistance machines and pulleys.


Tennis, hitting speed, strength training, effective force.


Journal of Sport and Health Research - 2009